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War ends – official

The News - 15 August 1945

Adelaide; News Limited

Newspaper, 590 x 420 mm

Location : State Library of South Australia - view catalogue entry

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Emperor Hirohito broadcast to the Japanese people on 15 August 1945 that the war was over because it “did not turn in Japan’s favour.” The Japanese surrender came nine days after the Americans dropped atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The war in Europe had ended on 8 May 1945, a week after Adolf Hitler had committed suicide (30 April 1945).

By the conclusion of the war, 50 million lives had been lost. Of these, an estimated 15 million were the victims of the Holocaust – 6 million of Europe’s 9 million Jews plus Slavs, Gypsies and other persecuted groups. 20 million Soviets were dead. Japan had lost 4.2 million—6 per cent of her population. The atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima killed 80, 000 on impact and an estimated 200, 000 by 1950. Australia suffered 27, 291 deaths; the largest proportion were prisoners of war.

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